The Cloche Hat
The french word for ‘bell’, the Cloche was reputed to have been invented by the famous ‘ queen of the milliners’ Caroline Reboux. She operated her shop at 9, avenue Matignon, Paris from the 1860s and became the most sought after of milliners in the early days of Haute couture.Among her clients was Marlene Dietrich, who made the french beret famous.
But it was the iconic Cloche hat which became famous in the 1920s never was there a woman’s hat that became so synonymous with an era than the Cloche.Structured from felt, Reboux would make the hat by placing a sheet of felt on her customer’s head and then cut and fold it to a bell like shape.
It is generally recognized that the Bob haircut came after the Cloche.
The 1920s Cloche Hat Shape.
|The Cloche Hat -Glamourdaze|
Starting with Caroline Reboux, the hat began life with a wider brimmed bonnet, and as the decade advanced became more tight fitting. By the end of the decade, the Cloche hat was larger , covering more of a girls face and able to accommodate longer hair again.
Construction and styles.
|The Changeling -Angelina Jolie|
Usually made from felt, they were designed to cover a woman’s forehead, which gave her a sense of protection in public. Famously, Angelina Jolie, who made the Cloche hat famous again by her demure hat styles in the film The Changeling, testified to this fact. The Art deco fad strongly influenced the outlines of the cloche hat, especially in the brim or in the style of the seam-work. Applique decoration became fashionable and many women favored embroidered designs as well. By the early 1930s the hat fell from fashion, but is once again popular, thanks in part to its popularization by films like the aforementioned Changeling.
The hugely successful series Boardwalk Empire, will no doubt will start featuring them soon as the popular series moves through the 1920s.
|Twiggy from The Boyfriend|
This is a short film compiled from images in Sears catalog of 1925.